Shofar in Theresienstadt
The Nazi's ran Theresienstadt, a model "resettlement center", as propaganda to show that deported Jews were not suffering. Yad Vashem's website says, "From other testimonies we learn that many communities brought with them Torah Scrolls, Megillot, Shofarot, Menorahs and Kiddush cups and that religious services were held in many places in the ghetto."
This shofar was among those brought to the camp. It belonged to Avraham-Adolf Hellmann, born in 1882 in Poland. He settled in Nikolsburg (today Mikulov, Czech Republic) and served as Head Cantor in the community as well as being the founder of the Jewish Museum of Bohemia & Moravia.. In 1938, the Hellmann family along with their community, was given twenty four hours to leave their homes, and were taken to Theresienstadt. Hellmanm continued to serve as a, leading religious services and providing leadership to Jews in the camp. He was deported to a deathcamp in 1944.
His wife, Charlotte, survived the War and donated the shofar and donated it to Yad Vashem. Along with other shofarot from the era, it bears witness about those who suffered and died in the camps.
Photo and information from From the Yad Vashem Website: http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/bearing_witness/life_ghettos_hellman.asp accessed 2012-04-03
The shofar is of an interesting type. It had been straightened as have other 19th Century European horns, yet the workmanship is not as fine as many of the examples from the period that I have seen.